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The world is not a commodity ?|
10/12/2013 | Source of information :
The world is not a commodity ? . 19373.jpeg
The world is not a commodity ?
More than ever , this motto born in the beginning of this century with the emblematic figure of French José Bové in its anti-globalization activism falls today.
Alongside the international negotiations in which large corporations are gaining more power , there are secret negotiations , or " behind closed doors " , aimed deliberately this time , to grant more powers to multinational corporations sector , increasingly seeking to make the planet's natural resources into commodities , ie profits .
By Lucas Matheron *
More than ever , this motto born in the beginning of this century with the emblematic figure of French José Bové in its anti-globalization activism falls today. Alongside the international negotiations in which large corporations are gaining more power , there are secret negotiations , or " behind closed doors " , aimed deliberately this time , to grant more powers to multinational corporations sector , increasingly seeking to make the planet's natural resources into commodities , ie profits .
Albeit with a much broader scope , of these negotiations is the TPP [ 1 ] , the Trans -Pacific Agreement on the English acronym , which , with the support of governments and leveraged by them , aims to give more power to corporations spending , including for above the national constitutional rights , even in Member States . An article [ 2 ] The Guardian says that even members of Congress have a ' limited ' access to information .
Started in 2002 under the APEC [ 3 ] ( the acronym in English ) , the bloc which has 21 members , the TPP met four countries (Chile , New Zealand , Singapore and Brunei) who signed in 2006 , a first treaty with a view to the organization of free trade among themselves , although this was already a goal of APEC itself. Under pressure from large corporations and financial markets , who yearn for more autonomy, more liberalism and , in the end, more power , parallel negotiations were taking the body and , in 2010 , five countries fall into this parallel negotiations wheel , they are Australia, Malaysia, Peru , United States and Vietnam . Therefore , on the sidelines of APEC , but also where the WTO negotiations are "harder " , the big private lobbying groups are doing to go over the laws that societies place , the hard way , in favor of a more just world and more balanced .
It was a picture of this " new governance " we observe the last climate summit , COP -19 , in Warsaw , where sterile side of real negotiations on measures to tackle the global climate crisis , we have seen the government organizer of the Conference , Poland solve open to representatives of world private sector space in the negotiations , notably the largest companies of fossil fuels (coal , gas, oil and automotive ) industry . Besides this opening was organized , under the same COP , a "World Summit on Coal and Climate " invites developing countries to use the new coal technologies .
That is, rather than seeking to reduce emissions , an attempt to increase the problem so that the new " green" markets continue their expansion , among others the infamous carbon market .
That's how we witnessed the commodification of nature , the assault to the nature of the financial market , creating mechanisms that add value to pollution because , after all, at the other end , this pollution generates huge deals , hardly controllable source ideal for shady deals and enrichments bulky . Many organizations rallied in Europe and in the world to report this private sector control over the negotiations of the COP , and currently the issue of TPP , which is a crucial phase of negotiations, due to a complaint that WikiLeaks released a draft agreement concerning the chapter on intellectual property last November [ 4 ] . These revelations took off a wave of protests around the world, notably a petition from Avaaz Foundation [ 5 ] that is reaching 1.5 million signatures in a few days .
Unfortunately , in Brazil , perhaps due to internal social and political crisis , there are few repercussions of these events in the press . The RICES Alliance ( Community Networks Cooperation Without Borders ) has been observing the market advances on natural resources for nearly two decades through its founder [ 6 ] , excels cognizant of the " subtleties " of financial and professor emeritus in engineering financial markets , denouncing the dynamics of financialization of nature , pointing out the absurdity of granting " rights to pollute " is that the carbon market . In a recent [ 7 ] matter, Amyra denounces the decision of the climate negotiations by corporations and the financial market , but also stresses that any attempt to commodification of nature is unconstitutional in Brazil in accordance with Article 225 of the Federal Constitution which states that good environment is " in common use " having only the right to use it , leaving its users to ensure that right for future generations.
Since the establishment of the Kyoto Protocol in 1997 , several " mechanisms " have been advanced in order to offset the emissions of gases responsible for global warming , instead of focusing on the only viable solution : the reduction ! This " logic " that promotes the implementation of the "rights to pollute " , was the subject of lobbying by the private sector since; REDD as it is called , is one of the latest of these mechanisms " green economy " that tend each again with financialization and commodification of nature , as is happening in the state of Acre with the support of the Acre government. Therefore , it is for the Brazilian people aware of policies and mercantilist played in worldwide , organize , and pressure their politicians to assert their constitutional rights in order to protect the natural wealth of the country and show that nature is not a commodity .