Here we discuss the development of science and technology in China. Mr. Deng Xiaoping, the deceased former leader of China, ever pointed out accurately that science and technology is the first productivity. Look back to the history, the progress of human society was pushed forward all the time by science and technology, all developed countries in the current world became strong through the science and technology, such as USA, German, France, Britain, Japan and so on. The historic fact and the reality proved that so long as there is abundant strength of science and technology for one country, then the economy of this country can become real strong.
Strictly speaking, China’s science and technology started after the People’s Republic of China established, we are proud that China has gained enormous progress in the field of science and technology, but at the same time we should keep being clear-headed that we have large gap in the science and technology compared with the developed countries.
In recent years, there is some blundering phenomenon in China’s society, including some officials, some people become more and more anxious for success, even some officials only work for their own face, in order to gain sufficient face for themselves, they only pursue the GDP blindly with ignoring the quality of development, most fund is invested on the fixed asset, but it is difficult distinctly to get the fund support for the company which goes in for the real economy, so this caused the worried result: on one hand the fixed asset becomes the excessive profit industry, on the other hand the real economy becomes more and more dangerous. So even though China’s has become the second-largest economy, but there is large bubble existing in the GDP. Strictly speaking, China’s GDP is mainly consist of the manufacturing industry with low cost and poor technology, infrastructure construction and some excessive profit or monopolizing industry, but the proportion of the science and technology is too small. Let’s see one obvious example, the 500 strongest enterprises of the world, almost all China enterprises which are in the 500 strongest enterprises of the world are from the bank, telecommunication, petroleum and realty industry, these enterprises are all monopolized companies or excessive profit companies, there is almost no one Chinese enterprise which are in the 500 strongest enterprises is developed strong by the science and technology. Compared with China distinctly, most enterprises from Europe, USA and Japan are developed large by the science and technology, the comparison of this example illustrated obviously that there is still large gap between China and the developed countries in the field of science and technology, that is also why most Chinese people like to buy the high-tech product such as automobile and electronic product from the developed countries, that is also why most Chinese like foreign brands, not just because of the vanity mind. So even though China’s GDP grow fast in the past several years and became the second largest economy, so we should keep being clear that it is not just proud for us, we should also recognize clearly our weakness and the gap compared with the developed countries, we have a very long way to go before we can stand in the 500 strongest enterprises of the world firmly.
Science and technology can change people’s life better, can push on the society develop forward continuously. Now we must depend on our own science and technology to make our nation become real strong, in order to narrow the gap, in order to gain the sustainable development, we must develop the science and technology resolutely through pushing on kinds of reform, weaken the sense of GDP, transform the concept of development and adjust the economy structure resolutely, support national enterprise vigorously to improve the production conditions and develop the science and technology. We should be aware that it is very dangerous for us to depend blindly on the enterprises which grab excessive profit by monopolizing or fixed assets investment to increase the so-called GDP any more, we should try to force out the large bubble existing in the economy as early as possible. For one real strong nation, it must own rich material, good social mood, advanced science and technology.