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The REFORMS undertaken in the Malayan-Singapore-Borneo federation has created a lot of ECONOMIC BENEFITS, and quite a lot of LEARNING by the CITIZENS, and of course reveal the secret activity of Revenue Merchants, State and Political Guild.|
The events from 1999 to 2012 help each of the REGIONAL rival factions, and the sub-faction units to understand the INTERACTIONS of each other to aid in the development of the state.
Malaya-Singapore-Borneo federation has been MANIPULATED by FOREIGN BIG POWER rivalry play & strategy to cause immense co-ck-ups for the state. In the 1957 - 1963 period - Singapore State desperation with British Navy withdrawal East of Eden, and rivalry for CIVIL SERVICE-state corporation linked jobs created the RACIAL WALL politics that literally PLAYED INTO the hands of the then USA vs. SOVIET UNION geopolitical games.
While the Federation did well, states like Myanmar, Indonesia & Thailand became MILITARY GOVERNMENT STATES, Lao, Cambodia, Vietnam became COMMUNIST GOVERNMENT STATES, while Phillipines became SINGLE PARTY MARTIAL LAW GOVERNMENT STATE.
We did fairly well, because of the WESTMINSTER PARLIAMENTARIAN DEMOCRATIC tradition of the BRITISH EMPIRE, now the BRITISH COMMONWEALTH. (which I call BRITISH CLUB). Yet, in Singapore and Malaya - SINGLE PARTY SYSTEM were attempted. For Singapore, it's becoming a ADMINISTRATIVE STATE (with citizen becoming apolitical, probably apathetic due to strict rules, strict enforcements) while in more diverse MALAYA, it became a RENT SEEKING semi Administrative state.
Singapore was fortunate as it still treated as the OPPOSITION PARTY in the Federation (this injected some energy into it's establishment), while the RIAU CLAN soon become entrenched as the "establishment" in Malaya-Borneo portion of the federation.
Enjoying the comedy of life in retirement