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What the British did to China   [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2007-2-22 13:10:46 |Display all floors
Britain's East India Company would wage three wars on the people of China in order to secure the right to sell opium there. These wars for imperialist plunder and to open up new markets determined the fate of Hong Kong. They were the world's first drug wars. Their sole purpose was to secure the importation of an addictive substance that provided a bountiful flow of profits. Opium sales had risen gradually from 2,330 chests in 1788 to 4,968 chests in 1810. But once the British got a monopoly, they forced it up to 17,257 chests in 1835, worth millions of British pounds. Britain's governor-general of India wrote in 1830, "We are taking measures for extending the cultivation of the poppy, with a view to a large increase in the supply of opium."

The Opium War of 1839-42 started when the Chinese imperial government confronted foreign merchant ships and demanded they surrender their illegal cargo. Capt. Elliot, superintendent of the British fleet, asked the governor-general of India for as many ships as he could spare. He sent them to Hong Kong, where they protected the opium-carrying merchant vessels. Chinese junks sent by the emperor didn't stand a chance against the British warships. Rowntree wrote that the British were "in a great hurry to make money out of the East, and the gunboats were found to clear the way quickly. All vestiges of compassion for mankind had been swept away by the silver stream of rupees which poured into the Calcutta Exchequer." The wars waged on the Chinese people caused untold deaths and casualties. The British destroyed, plundered, looted and raped their way along the coast of China.

'NOTHING LEFT TO TAKE OR DESTROY'

The India Gazette, a British publication, wrote about the sack of Chusan in 1840: "A more complete pillage could not be conceived than took place. Every house was broken open, every drawer and box ransacked, the streets strewn with fragments of furniture, pictures, tables, chairs, grain of all sorts – the whole set off by the dead or the living bodies of those who had been unable to leave the city from the wounds received from our merciless guns. … The plunder ceased only when there was nothing to take or destroy." Negotiations led to the "Treaty of the Bogue." But the pact failed when the Chinese refused to pay the British for opium lost in the war. The British then seized Amoy, Tinghai, Chunhai and Ningpo.

After the deaths of thousands of Chinese, the first Opium War ended on Aug. 29, 1842, with the Treaty of Nanking. The treaty forced the Chinese government to pay $15 million to the British merchants. Furthermore, it opened up five ports to English trade. Finally, it ceded Hong Kong to the British. This was the bloody origin of Hong Kong's 155 years as a British colony.

  1. http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/55/044.html
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[ Last edited by changabula at 2007-2-22 01:12 PM ]
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Post time 2007-2-22 20:22:16 |Display all floors
How have Imperialists instigated Tibetan independence?         
         

A: There was no such word as "independence" in the Tibetan vocabulary at the beginning of the 20th century. After the British imperialists started the Opium War of aggression against China in 1840, China was reduced from an independent sovereign country to a semi-colonial country. Imperialist forces took advantage of a weak Qing Dynasty and began plotting to carve up China, Tibet included.

In order to bring Tibet into its sphere of influence, British aggressors invaded China's Tibet twice in 1888 and 1903. The Tibetan army and civilians rose to resist but were defeated. In the second aggressive war against Tibet, the British army occupied Lhasa, and the 13th Dalai Lama was forced to flee from the city. The invaders compelled the Tibetan local government officials to sign the Lhasa Convention. But because the Ministry of External Affairs of the Qing government believed the Lhasa Convention would do damage to national sovereignty, the high commissioner stationed in Tibet by the Qing government refused to sign it, leaving it ineffectual.

After their failure to assume full control of Tibet through direct military incursion, the imperialists changed their tack and began plotting to separate Tibet from China. On August 31, 1907, Britain and Russia signed the Convention Between Great Britain and Russia, which changed China's sovereignty over Tibet into "suzerainty." This marked the first time Chin's sovereignty over Tibet was altered into "suzerainty" in international documents.

The year following the 1911 Revolution, Britain took advantage of the political chaos in China after the collapse of the Qing Dynasty and the new birth of the Republic of China, and put before the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs a five-point demand, indicating the denial of China's sovereignty over Tibet. When the Chinese government rejected the British demand, the British blocked all the roads leading from India to Tibet. In 1913 the British government inveigled the Tibetan authorities into declaring independence and proposed that "Britain be the weaponry supplier after total independence of Tibet;" "Tibet accept British envoys' supervision of Tibetan financial and military affairs in return for Britain's support of Tibetan independence;" "Britain be responsible for resisting the army of the Republic of China when it reaches Tibet;" "Tibet adopt an open policy and allow freedom of movement of the British." (Zhu Xiu: 60-Year Chronology of Tibet) However, Britain's schemes failed.

  1. http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/ce/cegv/eng/premade/60544/History11.htm
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Post time 2007-2-22 20:26:17 |Display all floors
Hong Kong


The question of Hong Kong is left over by history. Hong Kong, which includes Hong Kong Island, Kowloon and the New Territories, has been Chinese territory since ancient times. In l840, Britain provoked the Opium War and forced the Qing government to sign the Treaty of Nanjing in l842, formally ceding Hong Kong Island to the British. In l856, the British-French allied troops initiated the second Opium War. In l860, Britain forced the Qing government to sign the Treaty of Beijing, ceding the tip of the Kowloon Peninsula. In l898, taking advantage of western imperialist powers scrambling to carve up Chinese territory, Britain again forced the Qing government to sign the "Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory" that compelled China to lease to Britain the vast northern section of the Boundary Street of the Kowloon Peninsula, plus more than 200 nearby islands (later collectively known as the New territories).

  1. http://www.mfa.gov.cn/eng/ljzg/3566/t17767.htm
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Post time 2007-2-28 04:17:14 |Display all floors

What the British did to China

Here are some pictures
edin.jpg
"People are the water, the ruler is the boat; water can carry the boat, but it can also capsize it."

-- Li Shimin (2nd Tang Emperor, "Taizong")

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Post time 2007-2-28 04:17:51 |Display all floors

Another shot

hongkongone.jpg
"People are the water, the ruler is the boat; water can carry the boat, but it can also capsize it."

-- Li Shimin (2nd Tang Emperor, "Taizong")

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Post time 2007-2-28 11:41:40 |Display all floors

Pssst, Mr. Mencius..

You wanna talk about those TAX HAVEN, like Bermuda with GDP per capita of US$70,000.....

or British Virgin Islands, Jersey, Gilbratrar, Hong Kong with per capita GDP of US$40,000..

Geeeeeze, top of the pyramid business...in the COLONIES...GOSH!


The richest states are in the British Club!???!!!!


Green Dragon



Note: Of course there was the Dark Side in the British Empire....but the Empire no longer exist, now it is a club!

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Post time 2007-3-2 16:09:43 |Display all floors
Mr Mencius is of course correct.

For quick reference just compare Hong Kong with Macao.  The latter will always remain a shoddy gambling and whoremongering town.  Regardless of all the international legit outfits replacing the local underworld in the business. Regardless of the efforts to make it family friendly.  A veritable den of iniquity.  Nothing but.  

Colonialism is not all that bad as it cracks up to be, when the colonized subjects could get peace, prosperity and bargaining power out of the arrangement.  Depends on the specific nationalities of colonizers really.

Macao also benefits from having a successful sister city across the water; otherwise it will become just another Chinese city after its return to the PRC.  No SAR status, which is installed to only show equal treatment.

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