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Date with 20 cultural heritage sites at Cultural and Natural Heritage Day [Copy link] 中文

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(Chinanews.com) China's Cultural and Natural Heritage Day falls on June 9 this year.
More than 3,700 activities will be held across China to celebrate this year's cultural and natural heritage day, according to the Ministry of Culture and Tourism.
The Chinese government has approved to designate the second Saturday of every June as the cultural and natural heritage day since last year.
China now has 52 sites inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage list, which was established to safeguard unique and irreplaceable cultural and natural sites around the world.
Let's take a look at 20 cultural heritage sites in China, which may give you some clues on your trips.
1. Summer Palace

Photo taken on Nov. 29, 2017 shows twilight through the Seventeen Arch Bridge in the Summer Palace in Beijing, capital of China. (Xinhua/Liu Xianguo)
The Summer Palace, originally named Qingyi Yuan, or the Garden of Clear Ripples, was an imperial garden constructed in 1750 by Emperor Qianlong in a bid to celebrate his mother's birthday. During the past few centuries, emperors and empresses spent their leisure time there, which is of great aesthetic value today.
The site in Beijing is an outstanding expression of the creative art of Chinese landscape garden design, incorporating the works of man and nature in a harmonious manner.
The Summer Palace was added to the list in November 1998.

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2. Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa

Decorations are hung from a tree in front of the Potala Palace in Lhasa, capital of southwest China's Tibet Autonomous Region, Feb. 12, 2018, to greet the Spring Festival and Tibetan New Year. (Xinhua/Chogo)
The Potala Palace, winter palace of the Dalai Lama, has symbolized Tibetan Buddhism and its central role in the traditional administration of Tibet since the 7th century.
The complex, made up of the White and Red Palaces with their ancillary buildings, is built on Red Mountain in the center of Lhasa Valley, at an altitude of 3,700 meters.
The Potala Palace, Jokhang Temple Monastery and Norbulingka were added to the list respectively in 1994, 2000 and 2001.

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3. West Lake Cultural Landscape of Hangzhou

Aerial photo taken on Jan. 25, 2018 shows the snow scenery of West Lake in Hangzhou, east China Zhejiang Province, Jan. 25, 2018. (Xinhua/Huang Zongzhi)
West Lake is situated in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province in eastern China. Comprising the West Lake and the hills surrounding its three sides, West Lake Cultural Landscape of Hangzhou has inspired famous poets, scholars and artists since the 9th century.
It comprises numerous temples, pagodas, pavilions, gardens and ornamental trees, as well as causeways and artificial islands. These additions have been made to improve the landscape west of the city of Hangzhou to the south of the Yangtze River.
The West Lake Cultural Landscape of Hangzhou was added to the World Cultural Heritage List in 2011.

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4. The Great Wall

Photo taken on May 13, 2018 shows sea of clouds after rainfall at Huangyaguan section of the Great Wall in Tianjin, north China. (Xinhua/Yang Yushan)
Just like a gigantic dragon, the Great Wall winds up and down across deserts, grasslands, mountains and plateaus, stretching from east to west of China.
It begins in the east at Shanhaiguan in Hebei province and ends at Jiayuguan in Gansu province to the west. Its main body consists of walls, horse tracks, watch towers, and shelters on the wall, and includes fortresses and passes along the Wall.
With a history of more than 2,000 years, some of the sections are now in ruins or have disappeared. However, it is still one of the most appealing attractions all around the world owing to its architectural grandeur and historical significance.
The Great Wall, one of the greatest wonders of the world, was listed as a World Heritage by UNESCO in 1987.

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5. Mogao caves

A photographer works in a cave in the Mogao Grottoes in Dunhuang, northwest China's Gansu Province, Oct. 10, 2016. (Photo/Xinhua)
Located on south-east of the Dunhuang oasis, Gansu province, the Mogao caves, also known as the Thousand-Buddha Caves, are the world's largest, most richly endowed, and longest used treasure house of Buddhist art. They are located at a strategic point along the Silk Road, at the crossroads of trade as well as religious, cultural and intellectual influences.
According to historical records, the carving of the caves started in 366 AD and continued for about 1,000 years. The 492 well-preserved cells and cave sanctuaries in Mogao, housing about 45,000 square meters of murals and more than 2,000 painted sculptures, are well-known for their statues and wall paintings. The painted clay figures vary greatly in size, with the largest one being 33 meters high and the smallest only 10 centimeters.
The Mogao Caves were added to the list in December 1987.

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6. Site of Xanadu

Site of Xanadu. (Photo/Xinhua)

Xanadu was the capital of Kublai Khan's Yuan Dynasty in China, located north of the Great Wall.
It encompasses the remains of Kublai Khan's legendary capital city, designed by the Mongol ruler's Chinese advisor, Liu Bingzhong, in 1256. It was an attempt to assimilate the nomadic Mongolian and Han Chinese cultures.
The site was planned according to traditional Chinese feng shui in relation to the nearby mountains and river. It features the remains of the city, including temples, palaces, tombs, nomadic encampments and the Tiefangang Canal, along with other waterways.
The site of Xanadu was added to the list on June 29, 2012.

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7. Temple of Heaven: an Imperial Sacrificial Altar in Beijing

The Temple of Heaven in the southern part of Beijing is China's largest existing complex of ancient sacrificial buildings. Occupying an area of 273 hectares, it is three times the area of the Forbidden City. (Photo: China.org.cn/Feng Jun)
Located in the southern part of Beijing, the Temple of Heaven is a magnificent complex of fine cultural buildings set in gardens and surrounded by historic pine woods.
It has been one of the most sacred places for the whole country for more than five centuries. It served as a complex of sacrificial buildings for the Ming and Qing emperors, and is the largest one in Beijing among several royal altars to Heaven, Earth, the Sun, the Moon and other deities or symbolic forces of nature.
It was added to the list in 1998.

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