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The national anthem of China was written by Tien Han in 1934 and put to music by Nie Er, which became the theme song of a film, "Children of Troubled Times". Tien Han was imprisoned by the Nationalist government in 1935, while Nie Er fled to Russia, but drowned enroute, while swimming at the beach in Japan, under mysterious circumstances, on July 17, 1935, at the young age of 23 years. Tien Han lived to a full 70 years, but died in jail on 10 December 1968 at the height of the cultural revolution. The national anthem was suspended and temporarily replaced by "The East Is Red", though eventually restored in 1982, and made part of the constitution in 2004. |
But the backdrop of the film "Children of Troubled Times" was the largely unknown First Shanghai Incident of January 28, 1932, also known as the 128 Incident, which featured the first time an aircraft carrier was used to bomb civilians in a densely populated city such as Shanghai, by . . . you guessed it . . . Japan.
On January 18, 1935, five Japanese monks were beaten by Chinese civilians. One of the monks died. Two had critical injuries. And, the Japanese factory nearby was burned down by the crowd. Historians are unsure if this was an orchestrated false flag event by the Japanese, much like the Mukden Incident, as it led to a de facto invasion of Shanghai, first by 7,000 troops, eventually increased to some 90,000 Japanese soldiers, capped by the bombing of Shanghai by a Japanese carrier on January 28, 1935.
And guess what Tien Han could only think of in such circumstances . . . "Rise up!" What was what the March of the Volunteers was all about. So, the passengers should reflect on the gravity of the situation before singing their national anthem. One delayed flight is not worth the mention, compared with what their forebears suffered. Of course, the Nanjing Massacre, preceded by the Second Shanghai Incident of 1937, made all this pale into the background of what the Japanese did to China.