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Could the flow of migrants to Europe ever be stopped? [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2017-10-3 21:36:24 |Display all floors

BRUSSELS — As Europe makes gains in its battle to stop migrants from reaching its shores, newer routes are seeing fresh traffic, a measure of the demand to reach safer lands and the dangers that await some of the world’s most vulnerable people.

Flows across the central Mediterranean from Libya to Italy plunged in mid-July after Italian authorities struck an unusual deal with local Libyan militias to clamp down on people smuggling. But smaller routes have experienced an uptick, with traffic from Morocco to Spain steadily increasing, and more people undertaking the perilous Black Sea passage from Turkey to Romania.

The surges do not seem to be directly related to the Libyan clampdown, but they are illustrative of migrants’ tendency to find new paths to Europe as old ones close, officials and analysts say.

“These flows aren’t necessarily the same people, but they do demonstrate that the migration routes and flows are constantly shifting,” said Elizabeth Collett, director of the Migration Policy Institute Europe, a think tank.

The sharp drop-off in flows from Libya — from 22,155 people in June to 2,887 in August — has been a relief for European leaders fearful of restive voters who have started to rebel against the arrival of more migrants. Germans last week awarded Alternative for Germany, a far-right, anti-migrant party, nearly 13 percent of the vote in national elections. That came after June local elections in Italy that rewarded anti-immigrant politicians.

But the bottled-up traffic comes at a steep human cost, trapping migrants in the shifting winds of Libya’s conflict, where they are often forced into detention centers against their will and made to do labor that is little different from slavery.

Farther south, in the sub-Saharan African nations that are the source of much of the migration through Libya, the closed route has led at least some migrants to take new paths, sometimes at the cost of their lives. Countries such as Niger are struggling to accommodate refugees from neighboring countries with no escape valve and often only limited assistance from Europe.

“When you shut down the major routes, you see a proliferation of smaller, potentially more expensive routes,” Collett said. “The fundamentals are not changed in that there are a number of simmering conflicts in sub-Saharan Africa.”

European leaders have pressed on several fronts to stem migration after a burst in 2015 of more than a million asylum seekers. Afterward, European Union leaders struck a $7.1 billion deal with Turkey to seal its borders and stanch the flow. They also started to work intensively in sub-Saharan Africa, tying development aid to countries’ willingness to accept returnees from Europe and offering fresh assistance in exchange for pledges to cut flows.

Before Libyan strongman Moammar Gaddafi’s 2011 downfall, the Italian government made similar deals with him. But the absence of a strong central authority since his death has made exerting control deeply difficult — that is, until Italy’s outreach to local leaders this summer.

Italian Interior Minister Marco Minniti, a former spy chief, masterminded the plan, which funds the local governments that, critics say, are often little more than militias deeply entangled in the smuggling business themselves. Minniti denies the charges.

Italy and the E.U. have also worked to train and equip the fledgling Libyan Coast Guard to turn back migrant ships, an effort that has stopped up to 16,000 people so far this year, according to data compiled by the U.N. refu­gee agency. But the Libyan Coast Guard itself has been implicated in abuses.

And the Italian government has engaged the warring national factions within Libya, hosting Prime Minister Fayez Serraj, the head of the U.N.-installed unity government, in July, and Gen. Khalifa Hifter, aligned with a rival eastern Libyan government, last week.

So far this year, more than 104,000 people entered Italy, most of them before mid-July. Even though the flows have settled, many migration analysts are hesitant to declare the route closed. The instability of Libya makes any long-term predictions impossible. A small uptick in departures from the smuggling hub of Sabratha after fighting swelled there starting Sept. 17 was the latest reminder of the tenuous situation, said Carlotta Sami, a U.N. refu­gee spokeswoman based in Rome.

“It’s still a bit early to say that the route from Libya to Italy has stopped,” she said.

And in the nations leading into Libya, migration traffic also remains volatile. Niger has led a crackdown on the main smuggling route to Libya, but that has caused smugglers to search for new, more dangerous routes northward, as well as try to expand their paths into Algeria, Sami said.

“The number of people that are found dead or abandoned in the desert are increasing,” she said.

The U.N. refugee agency has pushed for more legal paths for asylum seekers to reach Europe, Sami said, a step the agency believes would ease pressure on irregular migrant routes. The agency also favors increasing the range of reunification policies that enable family members to travel to Europe legally if a relative is already there, Sami said.

This year more than 19,000 migrants have arrived on Spanish shores, compared with about 9,100 over the same period last year. Unlike on the route from Libya, most of those landing in Spain are Moroccan nationals. The increase has caused nervousness among leaders and concerns about what will happen during the height of migration season next year, after smugglers have had a chance to regroup. Migration numbers typically drop in October as temperatures fall and seas grow choppier.

And in a possible measure of smugglers’ resourcefulness, six boats this year have landed in Romania after setting sail from Turkey, carrying a total of 572 people. The number is so small that it barely registers against pressures elsewhere, but border officials say that smugglers may be testing vulnerabilities.



“We perceive it as something that is being tested as a possibility,” said Ewa Moncure, a spokeswoman for Frontex, the E.U. border and coast guard agency. “The numbers are definitely lower, but the crisis is not over


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Post time 2017-10-4 12:10:46 |Display all floors


There are external agents, sinister actors who make sure that there will never be a letup to the flow of refugees to Europe.

First, the former communist empires have spread the news that the poor and the persecuted are entitled to a carefree life in Europe. Even in today's Chinese media you can hear and see echos of this communist dogma.

Then the friends of the dictators that ruin entire nations from Liberia to Kenya encourage their disenchanted and disenfranchised to foot it to Europe.

China even is selling cheap inflatables specifically for the desperadoes that want to risk a passage across the Mediterranean. (The E.U. has asked China to restrict the sale of such unseaworthy contraptions via its Internet platforms but to no avail!).

Finally the sky-high birth rates in Africa will always keep misery and destitution on such high levels that emigration remains a natural choice for many.

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Post time 2017-10-4 15:08:48 |Display all floors
I don't understand the problem...

Just do like Australia is doing...

They, the Aussies don't have a problem and the refugees simply quit.
Where is the problem?

Same with the UK, no problem with refugees...
Tell me, where is the problem?

The US, they don't have a problem...
An October 2016 poll by the Pew Research Center found 54 percent of Americans believed the U.S. did not have a responsibility to accept refugees.
  A recent Reuters/Ipsos poll found more Americans support President Donald Trump's recent travel ban than disapprove of it.
  Contrary to what many assume, since 9/11, only three resettled refugees have been arrested for planning terrorist activities.
Again, tell me; where is the problem.

The latest killing in Vegas, a fair dinkum local the lad was...

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Post time 2017-10-5 10:27:33 |Display all floors
emanreus Post time: 2017-10-4 15:08
I don't understand the problem...

Just do like Australia is doing...



There are lots of problems with illegal immigrants:

Same with the UK, no problem with refugees...
Tell me, where is the problem?


In G.B. there have been many cases of Chinese I.I.'s living underground and occasionally falling victim to their predator compatriots: more than ten years ago a truck brought a container from Belgium and when the container was opened, over 50 asphyxiated Chinese lay there. The mastermind of this people smuggling was a Chinese.

Then there was the Chinese "student" who made a living as harvester of sea food. He hired dozens of Chinese to collect sea food at Morecambie. They were not aware of the tides and ebbs and several dozen drowned.

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Post time 2017-10-5 12:06:13 |Display all floors
Hmm, the Devil's beach the Chinese call the area.
Permits to pick cockles now only issued once individuals prove they have the legal right to work in the UK and undergone safety training.

Luckily, there weren't any locals involved, that their gang master, however, and a wider web of criminals are ALL evil foreigners...
  However:
David Anthony E. Sr. and David Anthony E. Jr., a father and son team from England, had unlawfully hired a group of Chinese workers to pick cockles; they were to be paid £5 per 25 kg of cockles. Both were cleared of helping the workers break immigration law.

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Post time 2017-10-5 21:34:20 |Display all floors
Mass migrations are not an effective or tolerable means to reduce the suffering in the underdeveloped world. They cause too much unrest among our own lower classes (for good reason because migrants take the unskilled jobs and lower the wages of our proletariat!). It's no direct problem for wealthy and educated people. Instead, we must support carefully-selected revolutions against the corrupt rulers of the underdeveloped world. Arm those masses and have them fight at home! The ultimate aim is to create a fully-developed (and "westernized") world that will be suitable for our grandchildren.
My problem is simple: I just know better than everyone-else!

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Post time 2017-10-6 11:52:30 |Display all floors
Ted180 Post time: 2017-10-5 21:34
Mass migrations are not an effective or tolerable means to reduce the suffering in the underdevelope ...


It's no direct problem for wealthy and educated people. Instead, we must support carefully-selected revolutions against the corrupt rulers of the underdeveloped world. Arm those masses and have them fight at home! The ultimate aim is to create a fully-developed (and "westernized") world that will be suitable for our grandchildren.


What "we must" others think we should not do. And others may support our opponents. China and Russia have always supported the West's enemies, and always will.

The one thing I subscribe to is - everyone else should keep out of those troubled spots. The troublemakers need to be put in their station by their compatriots, not by outsiders.

But for this to happen all successful economies need to abstain from partnering with tyrants that lord it over captive nations. That means successful nations need to be unselfish. Can they???

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