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第二十九届韩素音青年翻译奖竞赛 [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2017-4-8 20:11:54 |Display all floors

启蒙的真谛


      [1] “启蒙”的本义是开启蒙昧,识字读书,明白事理。在中国古代,人们从小要接受“蒙学”,才能成为有教养的人,否则就是“教化未开”。据说,早年被启蒙到了什么程度,决定其日后可达到的智力高度。

      [2] 同样,人类社会从传统向现代转型的过程,也与启蒙相伴随;没有启蒙就没有现代化。

      [3] 然而,作为现代话语的“启蒙”,却源自于近代西方。在人类历史上,近代启蒙思想和启蒙运动首发于17世纪后期的英国,后传播到法国、德国等欧洲国家,波及北美,19世纪后期又影响到日本、中国等亚洲国家。

      [4] 正是由于西方有了洛克、斯密、伏尔泰、卢梭、狄德罗等启蒙思想家,才有了之后欧美的工业革命、市场经济和宪政体制。在中国,自晚清时期出现近代启蒙思想后,中国知识分子在“救亡图存”的背景下,借助西方近代思想,改造中国传统文化,塑造新型国民,引发了洋务运动、戊戌变法、新文化运动等。特别是在当代,1978年关于“实践是检验真理的唯一标准”的大讨论,极大地解放了人们的思想,带来了之后“改革开放”的巨大成果。由此,思想的力量可见一斑。

      [5] 长期以来,人们对于启蒙运动有一种误解,认为那是先知先觉的知识分子和哲人启发、教育、训导被启蒙者,因而“启蒙”成了及物动词,其宾语是未开化的芸芸众生。其实,根据现代启蒙思想家康德的解释,启蒙的本质不是“他启”而是“自觉”,即人们从由自我原因的不成熟状态(在缺乏指导下无力运用自我理性的状态)中觉醒,其根源并非是人们缺乏理性,而是缺乏对理性的运用。

      [6] 这种真知灼见至今闪烁着理性的光芒。

      [7] 在西方,启蒙思想的支撑源于人们对于客观规律的认知,如哥白尼的“日心说”、牛顿的“万有引力”、伽利略的“宇宙论”等,认为整个宇宙中的一切物体都遵守同一定律,进而冲破千年的宗教束缚,将这一理性思考引入了人类社会,从而开创了一个不断进取的新时代。在中国,几千年的封建农业社会,使得科技落后、法治传统缺乏,只是受到近代西方启蒙思想(包括马克思主义)的影响,才引入了科学、民主、法治的概念,开始与世界文明接轨。

      [8] 在这一历史大潮中,中国现在比历史上任何时期都更接近中华民族的伟大复兴。正如“一带一路”被越来越多的国家认识到不是中国的独角戏,而是沿途民族的大合唱,每个中国人对于客观与主观世界的深刻、自觉的理性开发,最终将汇集于前所未有的“中国梦”的实现。

(来源《中国翻译》杂志2017年第1期)



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Post time 2017-4-9 09:32:16 |Display all floors
essence of enlightenment

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Post time 2017-5-19 23:14:35 |Display all floors
“启蒙”的本义是开启蒙昧,识字读书,明白事理。在中国古代,人们从小要接受“蒙学”,才能成为有教养的人,否则就是“教化未开”。据说,早年被启蒙到了什么程度,决定其日后可达到的智力高度。
"Englightenment" means enligtening with literacy and sensibility. In ancient China, people started to receive "enlightening education" in childhood before they became "educated", without which they were known as "uneducated". It was believed that how enlightened one was in his early childhood would play a key role in the intelligent level he might reach later in his life.


Note: I don't really know what 启蒙 is in Chinese even after I hear it mentioned here and there so many times. The above translation is totally based on my rough understanding without taking any reference to other resources because I think myself is an educated person.

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Post time 2017-5-22 20:35:09 |Display all floors
在这一历史大潮中,中国现在比历史上任何时期都更接近中华民族的伟大复兴。正如“一带一路”被越来越多的国家认识到不是中国的独角戏,而是沿途民族的大合唱,每个中国人对于客观与主观世界的深刻、自觉的理性开发,最终将汇集于前所未有的“中国梦”的实现。


In this historic tide, China is closer than any time in history to the revitalization of the Chinese nation. As the "Belt and Road Initiative" is known as not a solo of China, but a chrous of all races along the geological location of this project, the  rational development of object and subject worlds by each Chinese will converge to the realization of the unprecedented "China Dream".

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Post time 2017-5-23 14:06:00 |Display all floors
This post was edited by iwater at 2017-5-23 15:42

In Chinese "enlightenment" literally refers to be enlightened with education. In ancient China, children had to be admitted to private schools, therefore they would have became cultivated, otherwise remained uncultivated. It was said the EQ of people hinged on the levels of the education they recieved during their unfledged years.

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Post time 2017-5-23 14:16:13 |Display all floors
This post was edited by iwater at 2017-5-23 15:31

Lisewise, the process of the transition from traditional human society to the modern one went hand and hand with enlightenment.Without enlightenment,without modernisation.

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Post time 2017-5-23 15:31:02 |Display all floors
Nevertheless,"enlightenment" in modern parlance derived from the modern West. In the human history, the Enlightenment and its thoughts initiated from the UK in the late 17th century, then spread through France, Germany, and other European countries, and affected North America in the wake of it . During the late 19 century it influenced Japan, China, and other Asian countries as well.

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