Views: 5682|Replies: 48

How Israel Can Become Even More Intelligent   [Copy link] 中文

Rank: 1

Post time 2015-1-27 10:09:28 |Display all floors
This post was edited by IsraelEvolution at 2015-1-27 10:12

This procedure can work for Israelis too, not just chimps:

How Science Could Make a Chimp Like DAWN OF THE PLANET OF THE APES’ Caesar


By Kyle Hill on July 14, 2014

Nerdist

Chimpanzees are our closest genetic relatives in the animal kingdom, sharing 99 percent of our DNA. But inside that one percent hides perhaps the biggest difference—human-level intelligence. Dawn of the Planet of the Apes plays with the idea of closing this gap by crafting a potential Alzheimer’s cure that accidentally bestows greater intelligence on the other great apes—chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans—producing a highly intelligent collective led by a chimp named “Caesar.”

Uplifting a chimp is more plausible than you think. You just need to coax a chimp brain down humans’ evolutionary pathway.

At this year’s Amaz!ng Meeting–an annual meeting of scientists, researchers, and critical thinkers in Las Vegas–I spoke with Dr. Steven Novella, an academic clinical neurologist at Yale University School of Medicine to find out how genetic tweaking might lead to smarter apes. He told me that the first option is to add more raw thinking materials—neurons.

“If you’re going to make a fundamental change to ‘uplift’ chimps so that they have human-level intelligence, you first have to know that chimps have about 7 billion neurons and we have about 86 billions neurons—more than ten times as many. That’s a huge difference,” he explained. Somewhere in that differential lies Caesar.

Brain size isn’t everything. Elephants and whales have much larger brains than humans by weight, yet they aren’t considered as intelligent. Even comparing brain size to body size doesn’t quite get at animal intelligence. Elephants, for example, have a brain to body size ratio of 1/560, while mice have a ratio of 1/40, despite elephants being considered the more intelligent species. Humans have the same simple brain-to-body ratio as mice.

To get a better comparison between animals, scientists developed the encephalization quotient. While an elephant may have a bigger brain than a mouse, it doesn’t need more neurons than the mouse to draw a breath or tell its heart to beat. Therefore, an elephant can have a smaller brain relative to its body size compared to a mouse, which has a larger brain for its body size. By plotting various mammal brain and body weights on a graph and finding a mathematical curve to fit the data, scientists found an “average” mammalian brain size that varies depending on the encephalization quotient. That value, EQ, indicates if a brain is larger or smaller than the average, and correlates roughly with intelligence. As you can see below, humans have much larger brains than is predicted by the data:

[table deleted]

How would you increase the EQ of a chimp from 2.6 to 6.6? “I don’t think there’s any way to do it without adding a lot of neurons,” says Novella.

Five to eight million years ago, the common ancestor of chimpanzees and humans split off down two paths. One led to chimps and the other, eventually, led to us. But down our path was increased intelligence. If we could steer chimp development down the more human path perhaps it would bring with it a more thoughtful ape, Novella speculates.

“The easiest way to do it would probably be to tweak the genes in the chimp so that they follow the same developmental pathway as humans. All the raw material is there, and the genetics are very, very similar. It would be very plausible to genetically engineer chimps to be more intelligent,” explained Novella. Indeed, this is basically how Caesar gains his human-like intelligence when a virus passed down from his mother alters his development!

Genetically engineering chimp embryos to develop more neurons during their growth could work, and may lead to increased intelligence, but it’s not quite what happens to all the apes in Dawn of the Planet of the Apes. Uplifting an adult chimp would be much harder, but not impossible.

“The only way I can think of, extrapolating from existing technology, would be to transplant neural stem cells that could be recruited to make meaningful connections,” Novella told me.

Here’s the basic plan to create a Caesar from an adult chimp: we insert billions of neural stem cells into his brain. We know that human brains can recruit neural stem cells that can then take up shop. Called neurogenesis, it was only recently discovered that our brain cells can and do in fact grow back. So we would douse a chimp’s brain with neural stem cells and hope they are recruited. That same technique may one day help human patients suffering from stroke or other brain diseases or damages. “It’s totally plausible to think that, for example, we could wash a person’s brain with neural stem cells who had a stroke so that when they begin recovery, they have the raw materials to help rebuild pathways,” explained Novella.

Neural stem cells sound like a magic bullet, but there’s a reason our brains and bodies aren’t awash with stem cells—too many and they can grow out of control, causing cancer. But if we perfected the technology to create and insert them, there’s no theoretical reason that a chimp brain couldn’t recruit neural stem cells and make meaningful pathways with them.

The biggest obstacle to more intelligent chimps Novella noted is that “the chimps’ brains and skulls were the same size in Dawn.” Adding billions more neurons takes up space. If you could somehow increase the number of neurons in chimp brains to really bring about the dawn of their planet, their skulls would have to change too. Either chimp skulls would have to become more bulbous like ours, or they would have to remove part of their skulls to make room.

“There’s no way around the fact that their brains would have to be bigger,” says Novella. But we could probably do it.

Kyle Hill is the Chief Science Officer of the Nerdist enterprise.

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 6Rank: 6

Post time 2015-1-27 10:17:07 |Display all floors
I am me and that is something you will never be, no matter how hard you try!!

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 1

Post time 2015-1-27 10:32:58 |Display all floors
Cdogg Post time: 2015-1-27 10:17

The median IQ of Israel is 90, but imagine if it was raised to 200.  Israel would then be able to provide even more humanitarian services for the world.

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 1

Post time 2015-1-27 10:38:10 |Display all floors
ZhuJon Post time: 2015-1-27 10:31
A mouse using 100% of its brain will always outdo a human using 5% of its brain.

That is just a folk myth.  Evolution would never allow such waste.  Brain tissue uses lots of energy: there is no advantage to allow for 95% unused brain neurons.

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 8Rank: 8

Post time 2015-1-27 15:46:26 |Display all floors
ZhuJon Post time: 2015-1-27 11:25
Of course there is no advantage to under utilize 95% of your brain but taking drugs, drinking alco ...

True

And do the sheeple really need larger brains ? They unquestioningly believe the Telescreens even when they show light alclad structures penetrate massive steel facades without visible damage or decelleration. They accept abominations like gender role reversal and faggotry merely because the talking heads say they must.They burn up a lot of brain cells with alcohol which is forced on them by the banksters.
9/11 was an inside job.
No second plane.It was a bomb.Bomb in the other building.
You KNOW without a doubt the videos are fake,right ?!
Planes don't meld into steel and concrete buildings.They crash into them !!!!!!!
It's amazing how the building ate the plane !!!
Imagine those fragile wings cutting slots in massive steel columns !!!!!
How STUPID can they think the people are to believe that crap ??!!

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 1

Post time 2015-1-28 06:38:02 |Display all floors
In Pakistan, first cousins marry all the time.

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 8Rank: 8

Post time 2015-1-29 06:45:37 |Display all floors
bluenoser Post time: 2015-1-27 21:07
You are proof positive that brother and sister should not have children

You believe anythi ...

Syphilitic Slutter

Your Rothschild masters are highly inbred,Syphilitic Slutter.
You can huff and you can puff but you cannot turn 500,000 ton steel and concrete towers into fine pyroclastic flows with kerosene.
9/11 was an inside job.
No second plane.It was a bomb.Bomb in the other building.
You KNOW without a doubt the videos are fake,right ?!
Planes don't meld into steel and concrete buildings.They crash into them !!!!!!!
It's amazing how the building ate the plane !!!
Imagine those fragile wings cutting slots in massive steel columns !!!!!
How STUPID can they think the people are to believe that crap ??!!

Use magic tools Report

You can't reply post until you log in Log in | register

BACK TO THE TOP
Contact us:Tel: (86)010-84883548, Email: blog@chinadaily.com.cn
Blog announcement:| We reserve the right, and you authorize us, to use content, including words, photos and videos, which you provide to our blog
platform, for non-profit purposes on China Daily media, comprising newspaper, website, iPad and other social media accounts.