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What's the difference between committee, commission, council and board?|
A committee is a group of people who are chosen to deal with an issue by a larger group of people, for example the members of a club or a council. Committee decisions are voted upon by the members of the committee and a majority decision is required to pass the decision which is called a motion.
Commissions can also be committees. In general though a commission is appointed by a statutory authority to deal with a specific matter, for example to inquire about water quality, investigate police corruption and so on.
Council - A council is generally a group of people who are elected to office by either the people or by their peers. The most common form of council is a statutory authority who is responsible for the day to day management of a specified area of a larger city or an entire village or smaller town. The council has the power to pass laws (within defined legal limits) and enforce local laws, for example the zoning of land for housing, commercial, agricultural or mixed use, parking locations and so on.
A board again in general is a statutory inquiry in to an event, for example a board of enquiry in the reasons why a ship sunk, or why an aircraft was lost or why something failed that was expensive and government controlled or legislated.
A board can also be the controlling group of directors of a company for example.
This answer barely touches the surface, each word has multiple meanings and the differences can be subtle.
Yellow-Back books were mostly published in the second half of the 19th Century. The name described a cheaply printed with brightly coloured covers. They were invented to compete with the "Penny Dreadfuls" which were lurid tales normally published in parts (as a serial) for a very low price. These books gained in popularity due to the increase in public education and literacy.
Robert Louis Stevenson was a famous Yellow-back author.
The term is still used in the larger printing organisations from time to time to refer to cheap pulp books (so called pulps in the USA).
"To come out" is short for the phrase "To come out of the closet" that is to become visible and stop hiding in the dark. This is the term used when a homosexual announces to his friends, family and so on that he is what he is.
Q4 - Most people I know have pretty horrible passport and drivers license photos, no one complains, it's just accepted that you're not going to look great.