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Questions to ask English experts from Chinese learners (Round 27)   [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2014-11-13 08:52:43 |Display all floors
Thank every member who answered readers' questions last time. Chinese English learners from Wechat are very happy to recieve your replies. Here are more questions from them:

Q1:  What's the difference between committee, commission, council and board?

Q2:  A yellow back is a cheap novel published in the UK, what's the origin of the term?

Q3:  The phrase "come out" is used for revealing one's homosexuality, why?

Q4: In China, most people would go to the photographer and take photos used for license, ID card, resume and others. And they often complain about the unflattering pictures. How about people in other countries?Do they save some ID photos for later use? Do they mind the unflattering pictures on their driving license, passport or entry visa?

Q5: In some American TV series, people sleep and cover themselves up in sheet, then quilt and with blanket on the top, why? And they tend to spread the quilt over themselves rather than wrapping themselves up in the quilt, aren't they worried about the loose ends under the mattress?


The previous rounds:

http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-1214759-1-1.html

http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-1195185-1-1.html

http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-1181286-1-1.html

http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-1168107-1-1.html

http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-1161389-1-1.html

http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-1136954-1-1.html

http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-1124908-1-1.html

http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-1101585-1-1.html

http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-1085457-1-1.html

http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-1076879-1-1.html

http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-1070516-1-1.html

http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-1062472-1-1.html

http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-1052003-1-1.html
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-1042489-1-1.html

http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=1031041&extra=page3D1

http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=1031041&extra=page3D1

http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=1014003&extra=page%3D1

http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-1006935-1-1.html
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-1000062-1-1.html
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-992089-1-1.htmlhttp://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=979283&extra=page%3D1
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-974617-1-1.html
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-971597-1-1.html
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-966834-1-1.html
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=963247&extra=page%3D1
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=959318&extra=page%3D1
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=956074&highlight=English%2Bexperts


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Post time 2014-11-13 12:41:19 |Display all floors
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Post time 2014-11-13 17:50:19 |Display all floors
Q4: In China, most people would go to the photographer and take photos used for license, ID card, resume and others. And they often complain about the unflattering pictures. How about people in other countries?Do they save some ID photos for later use? Do they mind the unflattering pictures on their driving license, passport or entry visa?

The short answer is YES - everyone complains about unflattering pictures.

I still have my passport photos from the 1970s and 80s. Back in those days one could be personally fussy about one's picture and actually choose the one you liked the best. Since the advent of new-age terrorism (it is nothing new) governments and airports have used the opportunity to make travel arduous and miserable for everyone. This includes strict guidelines regarding passport photos.
The first photos I had taken for my NZ passport by a qualified photographer were rejected. For the next round of photos I had to remove my spectacles and sweep my fringe away from my forehead so as to reveal my eyebrows properly. The resulting photos were acceptable to the passport authority but not to me. My passport and visa photos make me look like I am a 70 year-old psychopath!

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Post time 2014-11-13 18:17:01 |Display all floors
Q5: In some American TV series, people sleep and cover themselves up in sheet, then quilt and with blanket on the top, why? And they tend to spread the quilt over themselves rather than wrapping themselves up in the quilt, aren't they worried about the loose ends under the mattress?

I find this an interesting question as it tells me that Chinese like to wrap themselves in their bed coverings, rather like making a "sleeping-bag" which is something us foreigners would purchase to take on a camping trip.
I am not American. I am English/NZ/Australian. And we are just like Americans in that our beds have a soft mattress. We cover that with a sheet which we tuck in. Sometimes, under the mattress, people place an electric blanket.
It has now become usual to then simply apply a duvet (called a doona in Australia). This is a quilt with an outer cover. This is normally enough to keep warm depending on the content and quality of the quilt.
Other than that: we have a bottom sheet, then a top sheet, then a blanket, then - in cold weather - a quilt or "eiderdown" or a bedspread.
When we make the bed we normally tuck-in the sheets and the blanket under the mattress. The extra warmth of anything else will lie on top.
Watching US movies and noting their bed habits is not the best indicator of general habits regarding bedmaking!

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Post time 2014-11-13 20:19:41 |Display all floors
Q1:  What's the difference between committee, commission, council and board? (by the way I do not source my responses on the Internet and then copy and paste. I respond from my experience)

A Committee: This is (mainly) a group of people who represent a club or an association. It may be a sailing club, a chess club. It may be a branch of a  nationwide association of like-minded people or those with a shared history. It may be a branch of a local political group.  In order to keep the club viable, members will pay a subscription. This will go towards rental of meeting premises, paperwork generated, refreshments, trips to visit other groups etc. A Committee is generally ELECTED by the financial (paid-up/fee-paying) members of the club or association. Members will put their names forward for election and the other members will vote. This forms the COMMITTEE.

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Post time 2014-11-13 20:39:38 |Display all floors
Q1:  What's the difference between committee, commission, council and board?

A Council: From where I come from (England, NZ and Australia) a Council is an elected body of people who represent a local area. People pay taxes to the government  through their wages, and home and business owners then pay "Rates" to the local authority/area in which they live. These rates will cover things like libraries, toilets, museums, art galleries, local roads and paving, water supply etc. The "rates" paid are overseen by a body of elected people who form The Council. Anyone is able to put their name forward to be elected. The people residing in the area will then receive voting papers every 3 years and tick the names of those they wish to represent them. Many people may wish to be elected but only 12 can form The Council. So it is the 12 people who get the most votes who are elected.

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Post time 2014-11-15 12:42:46 |Display all floors
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