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Questions to ask English experts from Chinese learners (Round 21)   [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2014-9-22 15:29:11 |Display all floors
Thank every member who answered readers' questions last time. Chinese English learners from Wechat are very happy to recieve your replies. Here are more questions from them:

Q1: Are there any differences between the word "trash", "litter", "junk" and "rubbish"?

Q2:  How do we describe in English a self-made man who comes from a humble family? Do we have certain phrase or proverb?

Q3: Besides "freshman", is there any other words or expressions for a student in his or her first year at college?

Q4: What does the phrase "play your cards close to your vest/chest" mean?

Q5: What does "cook the book" mean? Where does the usage of "cook" in this phrase come from?

Q6: It's common in American TV series that a character can get connected to the Internet wherever he or she turns on laptop. Can people in America find WIFI hotspots anywhere at anytime? If not, will the charges for broadband be quite expensive in places without WIFI coverage ?

Q7: Nowadays people in China love listening to English songs and many of them are die-hard fans of some singers and bands. Do western people love Chinese songs? If they do, who are their favorite Chinese singers and bands?

Q8: Dose the driving license outside China adopt a points system of 12 points a year? When drivers violate traffic rules, will they get the details written down on their license and receive penalty points?





The previous rounds:
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-1124908-1-1.html
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-1101585-1-1.html
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-1085457-1-1.html
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-1076879-1-1.html
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-1070516-1-1.html
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-1062472-1-1.html
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-1052003-1-1.html
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-1042489-1-1.html
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=1031041&extra=page%3D1http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/for ... &extra=page%3D1
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-1006935-1-1.html
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-1000062-1-1.html
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-992089-1-1.htmlhttp://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/for ... &extra=page%3D1
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-974617-1-1.html
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-971597-1-1.html
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-966834-1-1.html
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=963247&extra=page%3D1
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=959318&extra=page%3D1
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=956074&highlight=English%2Bexperts

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Post time 2014-9-22 17:34:52 |Display all floors
WHEN WILL BE OVER STORM?

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Post time 2014-9-22 19:33:00 |Display all floors
This post was edited by Ratfink at 2014-9-22 19:34

Q1: Are there any differences between the word "trash", "litter", "junk" and "rubbish"?

Trash, junk and rubbish can all be used to describe refuse, that is materials that are of little or no use. However, litter refers to waste materials that are dropped on the ground or out of a vehicles window or otherwise not taken to be disposed of.  It's a major problem alongside many major roads in the countryside for example.

Junk is also used to describe parts of something that are removed from a working device and kept for recycling, for example nuts, bolts and screws that are removed from something, or perhaps motors, mechanical and other parts that can be used to repair or build something new.

Q2:  How do we describe in English a self-made man who comes from a humble family? Do we have certain phrase or proverb?

There's a few possiblities, He (or she) rose from humble beginnings is the most common, or "started from the bottom and climbed to the top"

Q3: Besides "freshman", is there any other words or expressions for a student in his or her first year at college?

Fresher, 1st year, underclassman (or person). Fresher is the original term used in Britian, it's derived from Fresh.

Q4: What does the phrase "play your cards close to your vest/chest" mean?
It means to not give much or any information away about what you are planning to do.

Q5: What does "cook the book" mean? Where does the usage of "cook" in this phrase come from?

Cooking the books means to fraudulently alter a businesses accounting or documents and so on to hide something. It often refers to changing the accounting and financial reports to minimise taxation or to make the company look more attractive to investors or to hide financial or other irregularities.

Q6: It's common in American TV series that a character can get connected to the Internet wherever he or she turns on laptop. Can people in America find WIFI hotspots anywhere at anytime? If not, will the charges for broadband be quite expensive in places without WIFI coverage ?

It vaires, many places such as restaurants and hotels, shopping centers etc do offer compimentary WIFI hotspots

Q7: Nowadays people in China love listening to English songs and many of them are die-hard fans of some singers and bands. Do western people love Chinese songs? If they do, who are their favorite Chinese singers and bands?

Very few Westerners listen to Chinese songs, mostly due to lack of interest and also coupled with the foreign language, though more are listening via the internet.

Q8: Dose the driving license outside China adopt a points system of 12 points a year? When drivers violate traffic rules, will they get the details written down on their license and receive penalty points?

It varies from country to country and even from state to state in many nations. In Australia you get 12 points every 3 years (from the date of the first offense), there are double demerit periods around the major holidays and public holidays which double the number of demerit points and also the financial size of the fine.  So it is possible to loose your license for a single major offense.  
Per Ardua Ad Astra

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Post time 2014-9-23 16:05:44 |Display all floors
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Post time 2014-9-24 03:02:27 |Display all floors
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Post time 2014-9-24 20:57:46 |Display all floors
This post was edited by J.E.Overington at 2014-9-24 21:02

2. The reason rebooting a computer is called rebooting is from pulling oneself up by one's bootstraps, which is a phrase about self-starters.

4. Be discrete. In some mathematical communities, some people play with the pun "discreet".   And 7... yes, I have some Chinese music I really appreciate, would sing with if I could sing, and I do not yet know how to say their names. Also of course, Yo Yo Ma.


Jennifer Han Zhenhao
https://www.persuasive-logic-free-english-lessons.com

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