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Questions to ask English experts from Chinese learners (Round 16) [Copy link] 中文

Rank: 9Rank: 9Rank: 9

Post time 2014-8-12 17:03:32 |Display all floors
Thank every member who answered readers' questions last time. Chinese English learners from Wechat are very happy to recieve your replies. Here are more questions from them:
Q1:

Why does "go to Chapter 11" refer to "file for bankruptcy protection"? What is "Chapter 11" and how does Chapter 11 work?


Q2:

Can you recommend some must-eat American foods for Chinese visitors and tourists to US?

Q3:

How do Americans celebrate the 4th of July? Are there any customs people observe?

Q4:

Is there really no 13th floor on elevators of high rise buildings in the US? If true, what is the 13th floor usually designated as: the 14th?


Q5:

I'm a bit confused about the terms "United Kingdom", "Great Britain", "Britain" and "England", as well as "British" and "English". Could you please explain their differences? Will the Scots, Irish and Welsh feel offended when referred as "English"?


The previous rounds:

http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-1062472-1-1.html

http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-1052003-1-1.html
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-1042489-1-1.html

http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=1031041&extra=page%3D1http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=1014003&extra=page%3D1
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-1006935-1-1.html
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-1000062-1-1.html
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-992089-1-1.htmlhttp://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=979283&extra=page%3D1
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-974617-1-1.html

http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-971597-1-1.html
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/thread-966834-1-1.html
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=963247&extra=page%3D1
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=959318&extra=page%3D1
http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=956074&highlight=English%2Bexperts


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Post time 2014-8-13 02:20:25 |Display all floors
Q5'. There are important differences. Let's start with the largest entity, not actually listed, which is the British Isles. This is a geographical concept of the Islands around Britain but including the separate countries of UK and The Republic of Ireland, and the Isle of Man, the Isle of Wight and the Channel Islands. Different political governance. The next biggest entity is the UK, the full title being the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Great Britain or Britain is the connected land mass of Scotland, England and Wales only. England is just England on its own. Yes indeed the Scottish, Irish and Welsh nations will not want to be called English as they are not. Scotland and Wales are part of Britain (at present), so they are British but even then often prefer their own nation's name. Irish are not in Britain, they are in the island of Ireland. Either in Northern Ireland or in the Republic of Ireland so will want to be called Irish.
To read more about me: http://capaworld.capa.org/2014/01/17/capa-resident-director-china-programs-interview-colin-speakman/.

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Post time 2014-8-13 06:35:48 |Display all floors
On Chapter 11, in USA that is a Chapter under the USA Bankruptcy Code which allows an organization to continue to trade while undergoing a financial restructuring and with protection from those it owes money to. Without such a filing, an organization that was insolvent would not be able to trade. This method has been used a lot by Airlines in the USA. Apart from renegotiating debt, under Chapter 11, an organization can renegotiate salary contracts and manning level labor contracts. Hence airlines often seek to reduce cabin crew on a flight and crew salaries, including pilots salaries. Major cost savings are often achieved, allowing the organization to emerge from Chapter 11 and be a viable concern with low costs and debt servicing.
To read more about me: http://capaworld.capa.org/2014/01/17/capa-resident-director-china-programs-interview-colin-speakman/.

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Post time 2014-8-13 07:01:50 |Display all floors
Q2: One of the most common foods which Chinese tourists should try are the Hamburger. Unlike other hamburger makers in China, Hamburgers made in certain specialty shops will have exquisite and unique tastes that you cannot find in a Chinese McDonalds. (Sorry Mcdonalds of China.) Some of those Hamburger shops include but are not limited to are: Cheeseburger Cheeseburger, Trueburger, Port of Call, Short Order, Burger Joint, Dmk Burger Bar, and Carl's Drive Inn. Additionally a McDonalds or Burger King really doesn't provide the full experience of the greatest food America has to offer.
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Post time 2014-8-13 07:36:23 |Display all floors
Q4: Yes there is no floor deemed the 13th but instead is called the 14th, but only in certain buildings like casinos and some hotels.
Q3: 4th of July is celebrated by the traditional firework display which is derived from the United States national anthem in which the anthem refers to "...the rocket's red glare, the bombs bursting in air, gave truth through the night that our flag was still there...". In addition to a firework display many Americans will have a family barbeque and spend time with family. (While enjoying the fact that we beat Britain's army.)
A respectful and well mannered man from the West.

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Post time 2014-8-13 07:43:59 |Display all floors
#2: The Chinese palate is usually very knowledgeable about its local cuisine, but not about most foreign foods - especially different herbs. I've observed that most native Chinese tend to like the same foreign flavor palates, dislike heavy dairy-based foods (except ice cream), and tex-mex bean-cheese stuff. But I would definitely suggest New Orleans seafood gumbo, deep-fried Gulf oysters, Dungeness crab, Manhattan style clam chowder, buffalo meat (lean but good flavor), pulled pork with not-too-sweet sauce, roasted garlic potatoes; raw green salads with a variety of lettuces and other vegetables, especially with an oil- balsamic vinegar or blue cheese dressing plus garlic croutons (Chinese do not know how to make raw green salads or good dressings); crusty brownies, cherry and custard pies if they have a decent flaky crust. Good San Francisco crusty sourdough bread, cornbread, Southern biscuits and New York cheesecake, nice and heavy. American ice cream and frozen yogurt can also be fabulous.

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Post time 2014-8-13 11:52:53 |Display all floors
This post was edited by laoren1234 at 2014-8-13 12:11

Must eat American Food - Barbecued ribs. Haven't gone wrong with this one yet and the best ones are Southern style.Another suggestion: Instead of trying to find some particular food in a totally strange American town I would look for a good family style restaurant. They usually serve popular local cuisine at reasonable prices. And how does one know if it is a good family style restaurant? Just go in and check out the customers. If there are a good number of senior citizens in there, especially if there are groups of old ladies, then it's a sure giveaway.

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