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[Travel Guide] [Xinjiang] Korla Travel Guide [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2011-12-30 13:59:50 |Display all floors
Korla or Kurla locates in central Xinjiang with an area of 7116.9 square kilometers. Korla means “overlook” in Uygur and is the capital of the Bayin'gholin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture, which has a similar territory as France and claims the largest prefecture in China. To the northeast, it is the Tarim Basin, to the north is the Tianshan Mountain’s branches-Kuluke Mountain and Hualashan Mountain, the Taklimakan Dessert (second largest desert in the world) is on the south. Korla has the Han (majority), Uygur, Mongolian, Hui and so on 23 nationalities, the minorities accounts for 30.1% of the population.

Korla has long been a prosperous and the biggest centre in the region after Karashahr itself with abundant water and extensive farmlands, as well as controlling the main routes to the south and west of Karashahr. Due to the discovery of oil in the Taklimakan Desert, Korla is now both more populous and far more developed than Karashar. Korla is home to a huge operational center for Petro China's exploration in Xinjiang. It is known for its production of fragrant pears, which are well known in the region for their sweetness and flavor-so called “the City of Pears”.


Population: 330,000
Urban Population: 20,0000
Area: 7116.9 sq km

Nationalities: Mongolian, Uygur, Han, Hazake, Hui, Kerkezi, Xibo, Tajike, Wuzibieke, Tataer, Dawoer, Manchu and Russian

History: with thousands years history, Korla is a throat in the middle of the Silk Road in history; it was set up as a county early in 1940, a prefecture in 1954, merged into the Bayin'guoleng Mongolia Autonomous prefecture in 1960, being approved to be as a city on October 1979

Climatic Features: dominated by continental climate, the area is dry with light rainfall, a high evaporation rate, lots of sun and a huge temperature disparity between day and night

Average Temperature: 7-14C annually with great daily temperature difference
Rainfall: annual precipitation 25-100 mm

Mountains: the Tianshan Mountain Chain; Mt. Aerjinshan

Rivers: the Bosten Lake, Kongquehe River, Tarim River, Kuerchu Brook, the Yinyanghu Lake, and the Lianhuahu Lake

Local Highlights: Korla sweet pear; tomato; muskmelon; little apricot in white; fig; mulberry

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