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What can we learn from China's development? [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2019-11-29 16:57:54 |Display all floors

A bird's-eye view of Beijing's central business district. [Photo/VCG]

The development model of the People’s Republic of China today has become a blueprint for development, despite its continued status as a developing nation. While underdeveloped and developing nations have traditionally looked towards the United States and Western capitalist powers for inspiration in their quest for growth, the fast-paced development of China’s economy and technology in the last four decades have influenced many countries to formulate similar models.

Today, China is the number one economic powerhouse of East Asia and is home to the second-largest economy in the world. Its economy continues to compete with that of the United States, while economic analysts have predicted that China will soon surpass the US economy to clinch the number one spot. It is also evident that China’s economy has a significant bearing on economies of countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America, due to China’s massive investments for development projects across these regions.

In this context, the modern development model of China and its experiences are a prime example for other countries hoping to replicate its success. China’s progress through its development model is better discussed through the spheres of politics and economy.

Political Development

Politics and the stability of the existing political system is often a direct factor in determining the development of any country. The discourse on China’s political system dates back over 5,000 years, arising from the country’s feudal imperial era. With the victory of the Communist Party in 1949, founders of the People's Republic of China developed a political system they believed was fitting for the China they envisioned. As a result, the Communist Party of China became the most important and key factor in the Chinese political system.

Although the Communist Party has achieved unrivaled power, remarkably, it has used this power to ensure the continued development of China. The party has always considered the country’s peasantry as its foundation. Over the years, China’s stable and centralized political system has been credited with the systematic development since the introduction of the first five-year development plan following the revolution in 1953. This has led to the belief that slow development experienced by countries with multiparty systems are a result of the lack of consensus between political parties over the country’s development policies.

One of the most common scenarios in such countries is the tendency of new governments to introduce changes to, or completely halt, development projects introduced by the previous party. This is common within the Sri Lankan political system. This eventually causes these countries to experience slow-paced development, proving that rapid development can more often take place through a stable political system and environment such as that of China.

What is also evident is that the Chinese have strived to appoint those with requisite qualifications for the top posts in its political system, and that these leaders have worked tirelessly to present effective programs for the country’s future.

Among these many leaders, Deng Xiaoping is hailed as one of the country’s most prolific leaders who heralded in great reforms, which in turn brought about significant developments in China’s economic, industrial and technology fields. Today, under the leadership of Chinese President Xi Jinping, China is playing an important role as a global power in the international arena. In recent times, the Chinese have successfully transformed their economy, which is based on the socialist market system to align with the ambitions of this century through Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, as well as programs such as the Belt and Road Initiative. This use of power by Chinese leaders has set an example for leaders of third world countries.

Economic Development

Perhaps the most significant point to ponder when considering China as a development model is its economic development. China routinely decides its economic direction through structured five-year plans. The first of its kind was implemented in 1953. Today the country has put into action its thirteenth five-year plan.

In 1949, China was able to establish a strong political and constitutional foundation for the country. But the Chinese were quick to realize that its economic growth was slow in comparison. In fact, it continued to be considered a poor country. The economy further declined following its cultural revolution. In 1978, China's GDP per capita was just 155 USD.

However, by 1978, under the leadership of Deng Xiaoping, the Chinese economy had embarked on a new journey through his “reform and opening up” policies. These policies were considered a strategic plan to develop the Chinese economy through a socialist market system.

Deng claimed that Socialist states could develop their own market economy. Introducing a socialist economic model through these reforms, industrialization and urbanization soon accelerated in China, which in turn kick-started the rapid development of its economy. From 1978 to 2012, China’s economic growth average was estimated at 9 percent.

As its development journey continued, in 2012, China was able to clinch the second spot in the world in terms of GDP, resulting in China evolving from a low-income country to a middle-income country within the last 40 years. It’s “reform and opening up” policies not only developed the Chinese economy but also ensured the rapid development in the fields of industry, technology, agriculture, social development and transport.

As an economic model, this awakening of China can be used as a guide for many countries that are developing their own economic approach. The important lesson to be learned is perhaps the importance of implementing economic policies systematically.

Meanwhile, China has made tremendous strides in its technology, construction and transport fields. A market in which Chinese products cannot be found is unheard of, especially in the technology sector. The same goes for the construction field. Chinese companies carrying out construction projects in third world countries are a common phenomenon. Sri Lanka’s own large scale projects, such as the Hambantota port and the Lotus tower, are Chinese undertakings built through Chinese funding and technical support.

The country’s development in the transport sector is perhaps best reflected through its high-speed rail network, which is the largest of its kind in the world. By mid-2018, the total length of China's high-speed railway network reached an astounding 27,000 kilometers. China has also managed to add high-speed trains to its network, which travel at speeds of up to 400 kilometers per hour.

On October 1, the country celebrated the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China. An undoubtedly historic moment, following the Communist Party’s victory through the revolution, to becoming the world’s second-largest economic power, is an immense achievement. Its success stories and accomplishments are immeasurable. It is evident that China has now become a development model for the world, offering valuable lessons for developing countries today.

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Post time 2019-11-29 18:19:42 |Display all floors

This is total nonsense to the west!
Imagine in 1st Oct 1949 on Tiananmen Grand Stand, when late Chairman Mao Zedong declared the founding of People's Republic of China; majority of the world mocked at him for being good at nothing but war while for economic development China is DOOMED!
US prides itself as a rich nation but keeps borrowing continuously from China! It was US that looked down on China when she was poor. When famine struck China, US said that half of population of China will be wiped out! Now, China is able to cope with drastic changes and rises in major aspects, US keeps hitting China below the belt!

Take the recent 5G technology, while over the past six years most telecoms in US were racking money but Huawei was investing and funding research only to be accussed without grounds that it was SECURITY THREAT to US.

China does not need to put up with this type of nonsense!
Whether China develops with acceleration or retardation, the world should look to US! Reason is to them US is their dad! Let US shower them with its form of love. Usually, it is tearing up nations apart!

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Post time 2019-11-29 18:22:49 |Display all floors

China is a small and insignificant place! Nothing new!
Chinese is far too backwards and not able to cope with drastic changes that US leads.
Please let China alone!
China is no match to US!
Learning from China will only ensure stepping back into human civilization!

Learn from US to destroy and divide nations with weapons of massive destruction and grow rich overnight!

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Post time 2019-11-29 18:24:44 |Display all floors

China will benefit more by laying low and if possible below ground level for safety and survival!
US is out with a machete that is so sharp that no neck remains attached to the body with the slightest contact!

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Post time 2019-11-30 17:09:08 |Display all floors
Most of what one can learn is what not to do.

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Post time 2019-11-30 21:21:57 |Display all floors
China has a very long history. She has made the long journey from Old China to New China. From synthetic fatalism of the past to analytic progress of today. You can sense the joie de vivre of her peoples because they have unshackled the chains of the past to embrace confidently the modernization of their nation.

Yet too many in the west ignore that; instead they fall over one another to say her peoples are chained to their State. One can ask these western demagogues how is it that chained peoples can progress so much so fast since the slaves they had chained in the cotton plantations, for instance, didn't have much of a life, let alone freedom. Perhaps these constant western lambasts against the China State CPC are their last-gasp attempts to whitewash its unmatchable record of lifting up one fifth of the human race within just one generation of human lifetime.

The CPC is a focused and determined governing machinery that has overcome the hurdles of the past to galvanize the peoples of China to rise and achieve their highest potentials - despite limited resources, despite devastation wrought by foreign invaders, despite being looked down in the formative years.

They achieve that by deep understanding, acute observation, careful planning and strong implementation. Some sacrifices had to be made but in the bigger picture and for the greater good, no other government has come even close to achieving what China's CPC has achieved for the peoples of China, and for the China State to continue doing so.

What can be learned from China's development is therefore and foremost a government that is as rational as it is endowed with an analytical memory of the past and a confident vision of the future, a government that values learning how to improve constantly so that real improvements are achieved which in turn inspire the peoples whether they be individuals or enterprise to do better for themselves.  

The value supply chain of determination-confidence-caring-learning-doing-improving has thus been smoothened by an artistic people transformed by a scientific approach to development which has redefined the political meritocracy so absent even to this day in the west.

In fact, some of the western governments are so outwardly mired in political internecine conflicts that to deflect attention of their peoples away from their embarrassing and messy non-performance, they resort to tarring other governments and subverting their sovereignties. Instead of working collaboratively and peaceably with others to find solutions to differences on the ground, they resort to abusive talk-down, shake-down and shoot-down bullying when all their so-called moral high grounds they say they stand on to do so have already crumbled under their own self-punctured lies. They speak of the rule of law but they don't even practice rule by law, namely the law of decency in diplomatic negotiation.  Maybe they should instead consider a simpler palliative for a national governance = a tianxia moral authority, perhaps?

You can therefore shake your head in disbelief that so many of the narrators of western policies in the great game of West Over East have not come out to admit their recalcitrance which continues to create only instability and volatility. People can see for themselves who is sincere, stable and reasonable, as opposed to who is insincere, unstable and unreasonable.

But let us say it's a mistake in judgment on China. What could have caused that persistent misjudgement? Could it be the west's self-motivating (mixture of greed and fear) insistence that its way of looking at State-and-Enterprise, only present in the last 200 grapevine years or so, is better than that of a nation with a 5,000 year civilizational vintage?  Isn't doing so just sheer hubris, as evidenced by the economic fulminations, fracas and fiascos which have bedecked western political capitalism until a China had to bail out a US which now repays but with the coin of total sanctions only?

More than anything, China is about the flow of her history. In the menagerie of governments, she has transited from imperial rule to republicanism to leninism to market socialism so that the US in trying to tell her how she should govern not just her peoples but also her markets and economy using a foreign playbook written by the US and for the US shouldn't expect her fumuguan to be awed as were other smaller countries by western sophistry of human duplicity.

So, if China already has experience with those transitions, who is the US as sole rules arbiter on the notion of western democracy to tell China must adopt it wholesale? Who knows, after seeing how that version has destabilized one of her territories till today, she may one day even do better with an eastern version that will be vastly superior in all categories of human welfare combined with state advancement?

After all, China is not just a historical, civilizational state, it is also a state not mutually exclusive from her civil society to wit private sector. Therefore, history combines with state-society-as-one which is China's success story that the US wants to rewrite by muscling in to get it dismantled on excuse China has not been executing reforms so that tariffs and sanctions are useful persuasions which the US should leverage.

Since it is the US which has been drumming in to the world (and Europe has like a poodle just wagged its tail in some acquiescence) that China has been tardy in executing reforms, let's one-click something in reply:

Copy code

But again, because of her history and size, she can only do so progressively using the same principles and approaches which have made her CPC a successful governing body within a state-society ambit. Therefore the US and others making a strategic rival of her will only disrupt her pace and rhythm of progress which are necessary to maximize success of action and the very results they crave for themselves exclusively.

After all, wouldn't it be wiser to  let China do her own rebalancing and adjustment, especially when one has to read and vomit at exposures such as :

Copy code

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Post time 2019-11-30 21:53:03 |Display all floors
LiasLi Post time: 2019-11-29 21:54
What can we learn from China's development ?

Democracy or Communist ??

Democracy exists along with communism in China!
As late Chairman leader Deng Xiaoping said and repeated by present President of China Xi Jinping!
It is China Socialism!

With democracy, US could step into any nation and devaste it with explanations that the world must accept without demand. Yes, just simply swallow down the throat to make peace or be the next on the list without notice.

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