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[Chart] Is American Higher Education fair? [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2017-3-18 18:08:49 |Display all floors
“Running away from Beijing” is back in the spotlight these days due to articles flooding to criticize that families are driven off Beijing by school district housing. In China, to be admitted to a “985 project” university has been a must for middle-class, thus school district housing is like a ticket for parents to enter their children for a better future. However, compared to the US, the educational system in China has not yet become a “system of domestication”, or a tool for class solidification, according to Xu Linyu, columnist of Guanchazhe and  researcher in University of California-Los Angeles’ Department of Physics.With several charts will Xu make it clear that the existing situation and coming crisis of American Higher Education system.

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Post time 2017-3-18 18:14:19 |Display all floors
This post was edited by Hinge at 2017-3-18 21:38


Chart 1

Different colors refer to different types of high education institutions.

The scale of the color plate refers to the proportion school attendances.The blue plate here refers to non-profit top private universities (as “985 project” universities in China); the orange plate refers to public universities (as first-tier universities in China); the green plate refers to for-profit universities(as second-tier or third-tier universities in China),  the red plate refers to who are not attending college; and the gray plate refers to the fake diplomas and the like(incomplete data).

Chart 1: The left shows the school attendance of the richest families of the US(annual household income amounts to over USD$0.63 million, atop 1% of the public in the US); and the right shows the school attendance of the poor families(the bottom 20% of the public in the US).
According to Chart 1, children from the richest almost all are admitted to first-rate universities with a half admitted to top universities, while the attendance of children from the poor families is no more than 5%, and half more children of this class have never touched the gate of a university.

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Post time 2017-3-18 18:17:21 |Display all floors


Chart 2

The data of student distribution of these top universities are even shocking! 38 best-known top unversities, including 5 universities known as the Ivy League- Dartmouth, Princeton, Yale, Pennsylvania, and Brown, the amount of the attendance from the richest 1% outnumbers the poor 60%.  

Chart 2: WUSTL(rank 19 of the US), 21.7% from the richest, while only 6.1% from the poor 60%(annual household income amounts less than USD$65 thousand). That is to say, in this university, one in five of students comes from the 1%, on the contrary, six in one hundred of students there come from the 60%.

Compared to the pyramid economic distribution of the US, the family distribution of WUSTL is an inverted pyramid, with the 60% atop. The disproportion are among the rest universities in the Chart 2, they are actually noble schools.

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Post time 2017-3-18 18:19:48 |Display all floors


Chart 3

Chart 3: difference of different class in higher education in the US. Horizontally nine colors varies from red to gray and white indicates nine types of universities from the best to the worst. From this Chart, it is obvious that as the income decrease, the red(good universities) fades to gray and white(not-good universities or drop out).

Some noble universities usually promise tuition affordable and to help students from the poor. However, what they focus more on is the affordability of the poor rather than the accessibility of them. Danny·Yagn, an assistant professor who work on education justice of University of California, Berkeley, pointed out, “exempting tuition only help students enrolled.”

A research revealed the reality of diversified economic status of college students currently, which is developed by scholars include Yagn, RajRaj Chetty,John Friedman,Emmanuel Saez and Nicholas Turner. They have investigated about 3,000 young people born between 1980 and 1991, with the data from anonymous tax returns and attendance records from almost all universities of the US.

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Post time 2017-3-18 18:21:07 |Display all floors


Chart 4

Despite of criticism of the unfair educational system, the gap between the rich and the poor is still there.

Chart 4: Since 2002, the scale that students admitted to top schools from the bottom 10%, 20%, or 40% are the same in a decade, while that scale of rich students increases. At that time as the poor got poorer and poorer, the rich got richer and richer, and the higher education system turned out to be a tool for class solidification.

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Post time 2017-3-18 18:22:46 |Display all floors


Chart 5

Chart 5: a rank of the percentage of students’ household income in accordance with the abscissa, the ordinate a rank of the percentage of their income after graduation. The color lines from top to bottom indicate earning capability of graduates from different schools.

The red line is relatively level, which suggests that if the average income of the rich graduates make $80 thousand a year among 12 universities including universities of the Ivy League, their poor schoolmates can make at least $75 thousand a year, there’s no big difference between the rich and the poor graduates from the same school, and so does the orange and the yellow line, which indicate the other two universities(as “211 project” universities).

Ironically, the gray line suggests the general relevance between income of the young and their family background: most poor children grow up poor adults, and most rich still rich.

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Post time 2017-3-18 19:06:58 |Display all floors
“Those charts all above cover children born between 1980 and 1982 who are about 35 years old now. According to the research before, most Americans’ income stay stable since their 30s until end of their careers, thus those whose income ranks atop are very likely still make the most money in their 60s as a result of statistical average.”

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